Below are some Frequently Asked Questions. If you wish more explanation on any these topics our staff and doctors can assist you during your office visit

Below are some Frequently Asked Questions. If you wish for more explanation on any these topics, our staff and doctors can assist you during your office visit

What is Nearsightedness?

Nearsightedness (myopia) is a vision condition in which you can usually see close or near objects clearly, but cannot see distant ones as clearly.

What is farsightedness?

Farsightedness (hyperopia) is a vision condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close ones appear blurred.

What is an astigmatism?

Astigmatism is a vision condition which light entering the eye is unable to be brought to a single focus, resulting in vision being blurred at all distances.

What is presbyopia?

Presbyopia is a vision condition that occurs when the crystalline lens of the eye gradually loses its ability to bring close objects into clear focus. It usually becomes noticeable when you reach your early to mid-forties and is a natural part of aging.

What is amblyopia?

Amblyopia (lazy eye) is the loss or lack of the full development of vision in one eye that is not fully correctable with lenses and is not the result of any identifiable eye health problem. It usually occurs before age eight. Infants born prematurely, or with low birth weight, are at a greater risk for the development of this condition. It is estimated that two to four percent of children have amblyopia.  Amblyopia is usually due to conditions such as crossed eyes (strabismus) or a large difference in the refractive error between the two eyes. Vision in the amblyopic eye may continue to decrease if left untreated. The brain simply pays less and less attention to the images sent by the amblyopic eye. Eventually the condition stablilizes and the eye becomes virtually unused. It is quite difficult to effectively treat amblyopia at this point. A comprehensive optometric examination can determine the presence of amblyopia. The earlier it is diagnosed, the greater the chance for a successful treatment. In young children, patching the good eye may help the amblyopic eye to improve. In addition, to help improve vision function, vision therapy techniques may be used. Eyeglasses or contact lenses my be prescribed to correct any refractive errors. Early detection and treatment of amblyopia and correcting the eye.

What is Glaucoma ?

Glaucoma is a disease in which the fluid pressure in your eyeball increases and damages the optic nerve. If intreated, this damage can cause severe vision loss and even blindness, if untreated. Glaucoma can generally be effectively controlled with prescription eye drops or other medicines which reduce the pressure in the eye. In some cases, laser surgery may be needed. All of our doctors have received advanced training in the latest techniques in diagnosis and treatment of this condition.

What are spots and floaters?

Spots (often called floaters) are small, semi-transparent or cloudy specks or particles within the fluid inside the eye that become noticeable when they move within the line of sight. They may also appear with flashes of light. The inner part of your eye is filled with a clear, jelly-like fluid known as the vitreous. Occasionally small flecks of protein and other matter become trapped during the formation of the eye before birth and remain in the vitreous body. Spots and floaters may also be caused by the age related deterioration of the eye fluid or its surrounding parts, or by certain injuries or diseases. Almost everyone sees a few spots at one time or another. They can occur more frequently and become more noticeable as you grow older. If you notice a sudden change in the number or size of the spots, you should contact our office right away for an examination to be sure they are not the result of a more serious problem.

What effect does diabetes have on the eyes?

 Diabetes and its complications can affect many parts of the eye. Diabetes can cause changes in nearsightedness, farsightedness and premature presbyopia (the inability to focus on close objects). It can result in cataracts, glaucoma, a lack of eye muscle coordination, strabismus and in decreased corneal sensitivity. Visual symptoms of diabetes include fluctuating or blurring of vision, occasional double vision, loss of visual field and flashes and floaters within the eyes. Sometimes these early signs of diabetes are first detected in a thorough eye examination by our doctors. The most serious eye problem associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. This occurs when there is a weakening or swelling of the tiny blood vessels in the retina of your eye, resulting in blood leakage, the growth of new blood vessels and other changes. Early detection is critical because if untreated, blindness can result. During your routine visit with us, we can diagnose potential vision threatening changes in your eye that can be treated to prevent blindness. It is important to monitor and control your diabetes as much as possible to minimize your risk of developing retinopathy. Several factors that increase the risk of developing retinopathy include smoking, high blood pressure, drinking alcohol and pregnancy.

What is Strabismus ?

Strabismus (crossed eyes) is a vision condition in which your eyes are not properly aligned with each other. One or both eyes may alternately turn in (esotropia), out (exotropia), or up (hypertropia). Tratment of creossed eyes often includes use of eyeglasses, prisms and vision therapy. In some cases, surgery may be needed.

 What are cataracts?

If the normally clear lens in your eye becomes cloudy, it is called a cataract. As the lens becomes cloudy, vision becomes blurred and/or distorted. Eyeglasses or contact lenses can be prescribed to provide clearer vision until cataracts develop to the point that they impair vision. Then they need to be removed surgically. An intraocular lens is usually used to replace the lens removed from your eyes.

What is "Dry eye"?

The tears your eyes normally produce are necessary for overall eye health and clear vision. Dry eye occurs when your eyes do not produce enough tears or produce tears which do not have the proper chemical composition. Dry eye symptoms can result from the normal aging process, exposure to environmental conditions, problems with normal blinking, or from medications such as antihistamines, oral contraceptives or antidepressants. Dry eye can also be symptomatic of general health problems or other diseases. If dry eye is untreated, it can harm your eye.

What is the "Dry eye" treatment?

During your examination in our office, we can perform specific tests to determine if you have dry eye. These tests allow us to evaluate the quality, amount and distribution of tears to detect signs of a problem. We offer the newest system for treating dry eye. We use small plugs that can be inserted in the corner of the eyelids to slow the drainage and loss of tears. There have also been many advances in drops used for relief of this problem.

Will Laser vision correction hurt?

Laser procedures are painless. Powerful eye drops are used to completely numb the eye, a technique known as topical anesthesia. No needles are used. Several hours following a procedure, some patients report a slight discomfort that is typically is well tolerated. Tylenol usually helps adequately.

 What if I blink during the procedure?

It is impossible to blink during a laser procedure. A specially designed instrument is used to gently hold the eyelids open. Because eye drops have already completely numbed the eye, the reflex that gives you the desire to blink is lost, so keeping the eye open is painless.